How Viable Is A Water Well For Off Grid Living? - Vacant Land USA
water well for off grid living

How Viable Is A Water Well For Off Grid Living?

Just how viable is a water well for off grid living in the USA?

If you are have grown up with city water that flows freely from the faucet whenever you need it, it may be that you do not know much about what’s required in obtaining water from a well or other sources?

It’s a very popular option
these days to create your idyllic off grid dream home in the middle of nowhere
and be completely self- sufficient.

But obviously, there is a learning curve, some set up costs and some things to be aware of before diving
in headfirst.

Millions of people all over the world use a water well for off grid living each and every day. It is common, totally viable and a great solution for many people.

A water well for off grid living is not the only source of water available in rural areas. But it is certainly a very reliable and safe source of water for the long term. Read on to get the low-down…

How many people use a water well in the USA?

In the USA , over 43 million people (15% of the population) use domestic (private) wells as their primary source of drinking water according to USGS.

Homeowners are responsible for maintaining their own domestic well systems and for
monitoring water safety and quality.

Is well water safe to drink?

To ensure your water is safe to drink, you should regularly test it and maintain it.

You need to be on the look out for chemicals like pesticides and solvents, nitrates and arsenic. Here is the information from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention. This is not to scare you, just keep you informed.

You can have it professionally tested once a year by local health department or environmental health department.

You can also do your own testing DIY style twice a year with these home kits available for around $35.

Always check the laws that apply in your county.

In Oregon for example, you are not required to regularly check/test your well (though you should!).

However when you go to sell property with a domestic well, the Real Estate Transaction Act will require testing of the domestic well.

Specifically the well must be tested for arsenic, nitrates and total coliform bacteria.

What are other options to secure well water for off grid living?

Public water is available on land that is within city limits. This is what most people are used to. Naturally there are set up costs, connection fees and regular water bills that go along with this.

If you are like most of our off grid community, you may be looking to get away from city services, sky high bills and reliance on others for your basic needs.

Most of our rural land for sale is away from the city and you will need your own source of water.

Some areas in planned developments have a community well. These are usually in homeowners associations and will have their own rules and fees associated with this.

You will also have to contribute to on-going costs and maintenance fees.

The most common option for water for rural land is a private water well- owned, installed and maintained by you.

There are 3 main types of water wells for off grid living

Dug/bored wells, driven wells or drilled wells.

Dug/bored wells are shallow wells that are dug by shovel and lined with stones or bricks to prevent collapse.

Driven wells are built by driving pipe into the ground. Driven wells are cased continuously and they are shallow
(approximately 30 to 50 feet deep).

Though driven wells are cased, they can be contaminated easily because they draw water from aquifers near the surface. 

Drilled wells can be hundreds or thousands of feet deep. They are drilled by machines and require the installation of casing.

Drilled wells have a lower risk of contamination due to their depth and use of continuous casing. The casing keeps dirt and excess water out of the well.

This helps prevent contaminants from less desirable groundwater from entering the well and mixing with the drinking water.

Some states and local governing agencies have laws that require minimum lengths for casing. Check with the water authorities where you live.

The most common materials for well casing are carbon steel, plastic, and stainless steel.

Another way to secure water is rain water harvesting. Check whether this is legal in your state.

Finally you can have water delivered and store it in large storage tanks.

How will I know if my property will yield water?

There is a ton more water underground than you can see on the surface.

Some buyers are obsessed with only buying property with a stream or river on it.

water well living off the grid

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