What Will A Septic System Cost? A Comprehensive Rural Land Owners Guide - Vacant Land USA
Septic system cost

What Will A Septic System Cost? A Comprehensive Rural Land Owners Guide

Septic system cost is critical to know before you start your building project. In fact, it is prudent to have a good idea of the costs before you even buy land.

If you want to live off the grid, every rural parcel will require a septic system that meets with county regulations. Most counties in most states will require evidence of working water supply and septic system before issuing a building permit.

Septic systems are like miniature waste treatment plants. If you have not experienced a septic system before, they are nothing to be scared of. There are regulations to be followed to ensure public health and safety is maintained when you create your delightful homestead. A licensed contractor will help you work out your septic system cost and ensure your county rules are adhered to.

If you are based in a small country town, you may be able to connect to community water and sewer system but for the most part, it is not unusual to install your own septic system as part of the build. These days, modern septic systems work very well. 

How Does A Septic System Work?

It is important to have a basic understanding of what goes into septic system design and installation to make sense of the septic system cost.

It will help you better understand where to spend money and where you can cut back.

Several types of septic systems are used across the country, but the most common is the septic tank/absorption (leach) field system.

Everything that goes down every drain and toilet in your house will go into this pipe and into the septic tank.

The septic tank may be made of fibreglass, wood, concrete, plastic or polyethylene. Probably the majority in the USA are made from concrete but polyethylene tanks are becoming more popular. These do not crack or leak and they are easily moved around by two people.

They will save you money on your septic system cost as they require less heavy equipment and are easier to install in tricky locations. 

Waste stays in the septic tank long enough for solids to settle out as sludge and for grease and oils to float to the surface as scum. Specially designed outlets in the tank hold back sludge and scum, while allowing the relatively clear middle layer — known as effluent — to enter the drain field.

Microbes in the soil digest or remove most contaminants from the waste-water before it reaches groundwater. Sometimes the effluent is internally piped to a second compartment of the septic tank for additional settling and then flow out to the leach field.

Some septic systems use a pump to help push the effluent through a pipe to the distribution box (D-box). This D-box evenly distributes effluent to different pipes in the leach field.

The typical leach field is a series of rock filled trenches where effluent is further treated as it slowly percolates through the soil. A leach pit is a deeper, larger hole filled with rock for disposing of wastewater in a smaller footprint.

septic system cost

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